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Did You Try Turning it (Your Brain) Off and On again?: Process of Sleep

REM and the Stages of Sleep: Well there’s good sleep and there’s bad sleep.

Info-Graphic: Mental Disorders and Sleep.

Sleeping Genes: Are you pre-disposed toward better sleep?

Other News: Genetic editing to fight anxiety and drinking in rats? Your local library may be a refuge for the mentally ill. Here’s a comedic take on what not to say to someone afraid of flying. New protocol in New York City for involuntarily admitting mentally ill peoples. Elon Musk’s brain implant.

Brain Fog

The process of sleep is really more elaborate than it sounds. In terms of sleep quality, there really is more than just one component to it. When it comes to how much control we possess over it, all you can truly do is close your eyes and hope for the best (haha).

Did You Know?

  • There are 4 stages to sleep
    • The first 3 stages are known as the Non-Rapid Eye Movement stages according the Cleveland Clinic.
    • Experts refer to the fourth stage as he Rapid Eye Movement stage.
  • Neurotransmitters are brain chemicals that control whether we are awake or asleep depending on which nerves they act on
    • The chemicals serotonin and norepinephrine found in the brainstem keep our brain active when we’re awake.
    • Activity at the base of the brain assists in the process of falling asleep.
  • You experience temporary paralysis

4 Stages of Sleep

  • The first stage is light sleep and lasts for 5 to 10 minutes, eye movement and muscle activity slow down.
  • The second stage, breathing and heart rate regulate and body temperature decreases. Eye movement stops and brain waves become slower.
  • The third stage is deep sleep, waking appears as harder and the brain produces slow waves called delta waves.
  • The fourth stage referred to as the Rapid Eye Movement stage shows brain activity similar to that of being awake. Often where dreaming occurs and marked by temporary paralysis.

Info-Graphic

https://www.frontiersin.org/files/Articles/662572/fpsyg-12-662572-HTML/image_m/fpsyg-12-662572-g001.jpg

Frontiers in Psychology

The difference between non-neurodivergent peoples and the divergent showed stark differences in the duration and supposedly the quality of sleep. With the exception of a few outliers, and errors of margin the neurodivergent by and large showed lower sleep quality and duration. I personally found Schizophrenia as puzzling because, I know from first hand experience my medications caused me to experience excessive increases in sleep duration. Perhaps that is why the margin of error is so large. Regardless the numbers are not lying and apparently neither are the neurodivergent (at least lying down.)

Sleeping Genes

According to Mark Wu,M.D.,Ph.D. a John Hopkins sleep expert and neurologist something in our genes may affect our sleeping habits.

  • Studies in fruit flies show the “WIDE AWAKE” molecule in the fruit flies’ genetic makeup to determine behavior of circadian rhythm.
    • When this gene was expressed, researchers found that the flies could keep a regular sleep pattern, i.e. a circadian rhythm
    • They also found similar genes in mammals as a tribute to their study.
    • Through the study of this phenomenon, researchers hope to discover ways to help those who work night shifts or potentially fall out of sync with their circadian rhythms.

Other News

Gene Editing Trials: Here’s the story of how researchers are using CRISPR gene editing strategies to prevent anxiety and alcoholism. The current study of rats, shows much promise.

Libraries as Safe Havens: This article highlights the prevalence of libraries as safe havens for the mentally ill and homeless.

Aerophobia: This is a comedic and poignantly true take on what not to say to someone who is afraid of flying.

Involuntary Admission: This statement authorizes the involuntary admissions of those with severe mental illnesses into hospitals when an express or overt necessity for the protection of the person in question is met.

Neuralink: This article explores the future of Elon Musk’s Neuralink brain implant. According to the article, the device will be ready for human trials within 6 months.

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